Kent Post Roman History Timeline

 

512 Octa King of Kent

540 Eornmenric King of Kent

560 Bubonic Plague swept through Britain, old Britons affected, but not the Anglo-English

560 Ethelbert King of Kent (c.560-616) converts to become the first Christian King in England sometime before 597.

568 Ceaulin of Wessex and his brother Cutha, fought with Ethelbert who tried to enlarge his kingdom beyond the Medway and North Downs but was defeated.

597 Pope Gregory the Great (Pope 590-604) sends St. Augustine, who lands at Ebbsfleet, Kent, to Ethelbert King of Kent to confirm Christianity in England and to reorganise the structure of the Church into two provinces. Canterbury becomes the base of the southern province. St. Augustine becomes the first Archbishop of Canterbury.

598 St Augustine Abbey, first monastery 

600 CE

Eadbald c.616 - 640 (King of Kent)

Eorcenberht King of Kent (640 -64)

Egbert King of Kent (664-73)

Hlothere King of Kent (673 - 85)

Eadric King of Kent (684 - 6)

Withred King of Kent (690 - 725)

Ethelwalh c.685 (King of Sussex)


604 St. Augustine first Archbishop of Canterbury dies.

604 Mellitus became Bishop of London.

604 Rochester diocese created, Justus became it's first Bishop.

604 Laurentius 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury

616 Ethelbert King of Kent died, succeeded by his son Eadbald as King of Kent (c 616 - 40) Briefly abandoned his father Ethelbert's support of Christianity, and lived in a heathen manner. Archbishop Laurentius considered leaving Kent but a dream told him to teach the King the right belief.  King miraculously converted by Laurentius 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury (604/10 -19). He also maintained some pagan traditions, such as the custom of marrying his father's widow, presumably not his mother. Seems to have ruled during a general decline in the regnal power of Kent.

616 Eadbald King of Kent lost control of London and the sons of Saeberht King of Essex reverted to Paganism, causing the Bishop of London St. Mellitus, who had been appointed by Ethelbert King of Kent, to lose his see. Mellitus became the 3rd Archbishop of Canterbury (619 -24) and Bede suggests that he miraculously saved Canterbury from fire during this period.

624 Justus, Bishop of Rochester becomes 4th Archbishop of Canterbury

624 Romanus becomes Bishop of Rochester 

625 Edwin of Northumbria marries Ethelburga, Princess of Kent, daughter of Ethelbert King of Kent.

627 Honorius becomes 5th Archbishop of Canterbury

627 Coifi, Pagan High Priest converted to Christianity

630 King Eadbald built nunnery at Folkestone for daughter Eanswitha

633 St. Ethelburgh, daughter of Ethelbert King of Kent (c.560-616), returns to Kent following the murder of her husband Edwin the King of Northumbria. She founded a monastery at Lyminge, of which she became Abbess.

633 Paulinus who had also escaped from Northumbria with St. Ethelburgh, becomes Bishop of Rochester  

640 Eadbald King of Kent died. His son Earcenberht becomes King of Kent The first English King to appoint a fast of 40 days before Easter.

640 Eorcenberht (? - 664) King of Kent (640 - 64), son of King Eadbald and husband of Seaxburh, daughter of King Anna of East Anglia. Eorcenberht is said by Bede to have ordered the destruction of all pagan idols within his kingdom. His rule marks a significant stage in the consolidation of Christianity in an important Anglo-Saxon kingdom.

640 CE Sandwich has early convent on site of St. Mary's Church.

640 King Eorcenberht's daughter Earcongaota becomes nun

644 Ithamar becomes Bishop of Rochester 

655 Ithamar Bishop of Rochester consecrated Deus-dedit as 6th Archbishop of Canterbury.

663 Sighere King of Essex (663 - 88) at some point in his reign he seems to have briefly, conquered Kent.

664 Seaxburh (? - c. 700) Wife of Eorcenberht King of Kent (640 - 64) and daughter of King Anna of East Anglia. After the death of her husband she founded a monastery at Minster in Sheppey, of which she became abbess. She then succeeded her sister St. Aethelfryth as Abbess of Ely.

664 Egbert (? - 673) King of Kent (664 - 673), son of King Eorconberht. He had a palace at Eastry where he murdered his two cousins, the princes Ethelbert and Ethelred, and as punishment he gave land which led to the foundation of the two important minsters at Sheppey and Reculver. At this point Egbert also had control over Surrey.

664 Eorcenberht (? - 664) King of Kent died. His son, Egbert I succeeds him.

664 Damianus becomes Bishop of Rochester 

664 Bubonic Plague in England may have led to a brief resurgence of paganism in some areas.

668 St. Theodore of Tarsus (c. 602 - 90) 7th Archbishop of Canterbury (668 - 90)At the Synod of Hertford, he undertook a major reorganisation of the English Church. He established a school at Canterbury with Abbot Hadrian, with pupils that included St. Aldhelm. He also promoted Canterbury as the authority of the Church and thereby helped to create a unitary English Church.

669 Putta becomes Bishop of Rochester

669 King Egbert King of Kent gave land at Reculver to Bass, a mass-priest, to build a minster

670 King Egbert King of Kent gave his mother land at Minster in Sheppey to establish nunnery and his niece land at Minster (Thanet)

673 King Egbert King of Kent died

673 Hlothere King of Kent (673 - 85) A son of Eorcenberht and successor to his brother Egbert. Continued as a law giver , he was defeated by his brother Eadric and, after a family feud typical of these times, was forced to share the kingdom.

676 Ethelred, King of Mercia invades Kent, destroys Rochester

676 Cuichelm becomes Bishop of Rochester

677 Wighard sent to Rome to be consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury, he died on the journey

678 Gebmund becomes Bishop of Rochester 

680's Late conversion of Sussex to Christianity supervised by St. Wilfrid.

684 Eadric (?-686) King of Kent (684 - 6) Notable for using force to make his brother Hlothere share the kingdom with him and for producing one of the earliest Anglo-Saxon law-codes, maintaining the tradition of his predecessor Ethelbert.

685 King Ethelwalh of Sussex was killed by the future King of Wessex, Cadwalla.

686 King of Wessex, Cadwalla and his brother Mull invade Kent

687 Mull killed.

685 Hlothhere King of Kent died. 

690 Wihtred, King of Kent (690 - 725) ruled jointly with King Webherd. He restored Kentish kingship, after the confused period which had followed the deaths of Hlothere and Eadric and freed Kent from the domination exercised by King Cadwalla of Wessex. He issued a law code, following the tradition of Ethelbert, giving privileged treatment to the church. He also issued an extensive coinage minted on his behalf, known as "sceattas". His collaboration with Berhtwald 8th Archbishop of Canterbury, was a notable feature of his rule.

692 Berhtwald, Archbishop of Canterbury (692 - 731) First English born archbishop. Previously Abbot of Reculver. Overshadowed by St. Wilfrid's pretensions to the position, he however mediated Wilfred's return from exile in 705. He collaborated with Wihtred, King of Kent in his Law making.

694 People of Kent gave Ina 30,000 pounds in compensation for the death of Mull

694 Wihtred, King of Kent called meeting at Bapchild. 

Early Christian Church at Minster Isle of Sheppey

700 CE

Ethelbert 725 - 762 (King of Kent)

Offa 757 - 796 King of Mercia sometimes referred to as King of the English.

Eadbert Praen 796 -798 (King of Kent)

Cuthred 798 - 807 (King of Kent)


700s Minting of local Kent coinage.

716 Tobias becomes Bishop of Rochester 

725 Wihtred, King of Kent died

725 Ethelbert King of Kent (725 - 62) son of King Wihtred, becomes King of Kent. He accepted the overlordship of King Ethelbald of Mercia.

725 Aethelbert II and Eadbert I, become joint Kings of Kent

727 Aldwulf becomes Bishop of Rochester 

731 Tatwine becomes 9th Archbishop of Canterbury

735 Nothelm becomes 10th Archbishop of Canterbury

740 Cuthbert becomes 11th Archbishop of Canterbury

741 Dunn becomes Bishop of Rochester

747 Eardwulf becomes Bishop of Rochester

748 Eadbert I died. Eardwulf becomes joint King of Kent with Ethelbert King of Kent

751 Death of St. Eadburh (?-751), Abbess of Minster-in-Thanet. Developed contacts with the Anglo-Saxon missionaries in Germany, such as St. Bonifice. She was also a distinguished manuscript illuminator, producing a splendid copy of the "Acts of the Apostles" which survives in the Bodleian Library in Oxford.

754 Canterbury damaged by fire

762 King of Kent Ethelbert died  

761 Bregowine becomes 12th Archbishop of Canterbury

765 Egbert II becomes King of Kent 

765 Jaenbert becomes 13th Archbishop of Canterbury

757 Offa King of Mercia, successfully suppressed the kingdom of Sussex, thereby pursuing a policy which would lead to eventual overlordship under a single King of England.

776 The Kingdom of Kent resisted the overlordship of King Offa of Mercia, and for a period threw off his rule after the Battle of Otford Kent.

772 Diora becomes Bishop of Rochester

773 Offa King of Mercia fought Aldric and won

774 Battle at Otford against the Mercians. Kent regains its independence

784 Elmund becomes King of Kent 

785 Waermund I becomes Bishop of Rochester

787 Malvinus, Kentish ambassador to Mercia.

792 Jaenberht (? - 792) 13th Archbishop of Canterbury (765 - 792) Supporter of the Kentish Kings, he resisted the domination of King Offa of Mercia. His obduracy, in particular his refusal to crown Offa's son Ecgfrith, provoked Offa to obtain papal approval in 787 for the elevation of Lichfield into an archbishopric. This arrangement held until 803, after Offa's death, in the time of St. Ethelheard 14th Archbishop of Canterbury, Jaenberht's successor.

793 Ethelhard becomes 14th Archbishop of Canterbury

796 Pope Leo told Archbishop of Canterbury to hold a synod to confirm the declaration made by King Wihtred

796 Eadbert Praen (? - c. 811) King of Kent (796 - 798). A member of the Kentish royal house, he returned from exile in Francia and seized the kingdom after the death of King Offa of Mercia in 796, expelling the pro Mercian St. Ethelheard, 14th Archbishop of Canterbury, from his see. He was subsequently captured by King Cenwulf of Mercia, badly mutilated and shut up in a monastery, for most of the rest of his life. The last member of the Kent royal house to rule, he was succeeded by Cenwulf's brother Cuthred.

798 Cenwulf King of Mercia defeated Eadbert Praen King of Kent and installed his brother Cuthred (born uk, reigned 798 - 807) as the King of Kent to reassert Mercian supremacy over Kent.

800 CE

Egbert 802 - 39 King of England

Ethelwulf 839 - 56 King of England

Ethelbald 856 - 60 King of England

Ethelbert 860 - 66 King of England

Ethelred 866 - 71 King of England

Reign of Alfred the Great 871-99 King of England


801 Beornmod becomes Bishop of Rochester.

805 Wulfred, 15th Archbishop of Canterbury (805 - 32) gained control over the churches in Kent, which had been disputed by Cwenthryth, (daughter of Cenwulf King of Mercia), who had been made Abbess of Minster-in-Thanet and Reculver in Kent. He was briefly exiled from his see by King Cenwulf, but returned. He was an important reformer, bringing his Church's organisation into line with contemporary continental models and holding major councils of the English Church.

807 Cuthred King of Kent died, Baldred becomes King of Kent

811 Rainham is known to have had a Saxon Church.

814 Chart - there was enough of a Saxon settlement here to warrant a mention in a charter of the Kingdom of Mercia. "I, Coenwulf, King of the Mercians, bestow upon Suinothe, my companion one ploughland in full possession . adjoining the wood called Chart, with fields, woods and pastures, meadows yielding 12 carts of hay, a mill and pannage [feeding pigs on forest acorns] at Dunbury, Bardingley, Foolkingbury, Spilsill, Aydhurst, Hrithden, Cunden, Bedgebury and Sponley and the wood between Langley and Suthtune". Suthtune is Sutton or the 'South Town' as opposed to the 'North town' or Norton in the neighbouring parish of Chart. In this document Langley was called: Longanleag.

823 Egbert King of West Saxons sent his son Aethelwulf into Kent with an army and drove out King Baldred. The men of Kent submitted to him. 

823 Danish raids in the Isle of Sheppey.

825 Egbert of Wessex 802-839 hegemony over Kent passed permanently to Wessex, following his victory in the Battle of Hingston Down when he defeated Beornwulf of Mercia in battle and Kent submitted to Egbert and ceased to be a separate Kingdom. He passed the overlordship of Kent to his son Ethelwulf, during his lifetime.

832 Danish raids in the Isle of Sheppey 

832 Feologeld becomes 16th Archbishop of Canterbury

833 Ceolnoth becomes 17th Archbishop of Canterbury 

835 Danish raids in the Isle of Sheppey

836 King Ethelwulf of Wessex gave his son Athelstan the Kingdom of Kent

838 Danish raids in Kent, many men slain 

839 - c 852 Athelstan, King of Kent, son of Ethelwulf, King of Wessex, and an older brother of Alfred the Great. He was installed by Ethelwulf, as King of Kent, according to the practice, initiated when Egbert, subjugated Kent, to the power of the Wessex Kings

c842 Danish raids, in Canterbury, Rochester and London

844 Tatnoth becomes Bishop of Rochester.

850 Aethelweard sub King of Kent died

850 Danes wintered in Isle of Thanet

850 Canterbury's mint established by this date

851 Athelstan King of Kent, defeated Viking raiders near Sandwich taking nine ships and dispersing the rest.. The Danes wintered in the Isle of Thanet. 350 ships came into the Thames; the crew stormed Canterbury and London.

853 Battle with the Danish army on the Isle of Thanet, Kent obtained the victory for the English.

854 The Danes wintered on the Isle of Sheppey.

855 Osburh from a Kent family became the first wife of King Ethelwulf of Wessex, probably to consolidate the Wessex hold over Kent. She was praised by Asser for her education of her most famous son Alfred the Great. Like all wives of ninth century kings of Wessex with the exception of Ethelwulf's second wife Judith, Osburh was not crowned Queen.

c. 852 Ethelbald, succeeded as the King of Kent from Athelstan his brother and in 855, became King of Wessex (855-60).

860 Ethelbert King of Wessex (860 -5), one of the five recorded sons of King Ethelwulf of Wessex, reached an agreement with his two brothers the future Kings Ethelred I and Alfred the Great, to suppress the kingdom of Kent, for the promise that they would succeed him. The disappearance of a distinct, kingdom of Kent represents a significant step towards the creation of a single kingdom of the English, which occurred under Alfred's successors.

865 The Danish army on the Isle of Thanet made peace with the men of Kent, who promised money but the army broke the treaty and overran the eastern part of county.

868 Badenoth becomes Bishop of Rochester

868 Waermund II becomes Bishop of Rochester

868 Cuthwulf becomes Bishop of Rochester

870 Ethered becomes 18th Archbishop of Canterbury

880 Swithwulf becomes Bishop of Rochester

885 The Danish army separated in two; one half went east, another to Rochester. They surrounded the city and built a fortress around themselves. The people defended the city, until King Alfred came with his army. The Danish army retreated to their ships, English fleet defeated them at Stourmouth (Wantsum

878 A Danish army sailed up Thames established camp at Fulham near London

890 Plegmund (? - 923) 19th Archbishop of Canterbury (890 - 923) appointed by Alfred the Great, he advised on the translation of Pope Gregory the Great's "Cura Pastoralis" and seems to have been deeply involved in early efforts to convert the Danelaw to Christianity.

893 Danish army of 250 ships came up River Rother then towed their ships to Appledore. Destroyed a part-constructed fort. Another part of the army under leadership of Hasten came into the Thames with 80 ships, landed on Swale Marshes, built fort at Milton Creek.

894 King Alfred gathered his army and camped between the 2 halves of the Danish army. Battle at Farnham, routed their forces.

900 CE

Edward the Elder 899 - 924 King of England

Athelstan 925 - 939 King of England

Edred 946 - 955 King of England

Edwy 955 -957 King of England

Edgar 959 -975 King of England

Edward the Martyr 975 - 978 King of England

Ethelred II 978 - 1016 King of England


900 Ceolmund becomes Bishop of Rochester 

902 Battle at Holme (Holmesdale, Surrey) between Kent and the Danes

905 King Edward issued an order to all his army that they should all come with him to East Anglia to quash a rebellion lead by Prince Ethelwald. But the Kentish men remained behind, though he had sent seven messengers to them.  

914  Athelm becomes 20th Archbishop of Canterbury

923 Wulfhelm becomes 21st Archbishop of Canterbury

926 Cyneferth becomes Bishop of Rochester 

932 Rochester's coin mint established by this date

934 Burhric becomes Bishop of Rochester  

941 Oda becomes 22nd Archbishop of Canterbury (941 -58) He advanced the careers of his nephew St. Oswald and St Dunstan. With royal support he began to hold councils of the entire English Church. Oda's career demonstrates the integration of Scandinavians into English society, since he was the son of a pagan who had come to England in the Viking "Great Army".

949 Beorhtsige becomes Bishop of Rochester 

955 Daniel (?) becomes Bishop of Rochester   

959 Aelfsige becomes 23rd Archbishop of Canterbury 

959 Brithelm becomes 24th Archbishop of Canterbury

960 St Dunstan becomes 25th Archbishop of Canterbury 

964 Aelfstan becomes Bishop of Rochester 

969 King Edgar ordered all the land in Thanet to be plundered

980 Isle of Thanet was overrun by Danish army 

986 King invaded the Bishopric of Rochester  

988 Ethelgar becomes 26th Archbishop of Canterbury

990 Stonar was "much ruinated by the rage of Swayne and the Danes"

990 Sigeric (? - 995) 27th Archbishop of Canterbury (990 -95) A monk who became a bishop then Archbishop in the reign of Ethelred II the unready. He was associated with the policy of paying Danegold to buy off Scandinavian attacks. This policy of trying to buy peace may have contributed later to the martyrdom of St. AEfheah.

993 Danish leader, Anlaf (Olave) raided Sandwich with 93 ships 

994 Danish leaders, Anlaf and Sweyne with 94 ships raided Essex, Kent, Sussex and Hampshire.

994  Elfric became 28th Archbishop of Canterbury

995 Godwine I becomes Bishop of Rochester   

999 Danish army came up Medway to Rochester met the Kentish army who were ill equipped and fled. Danes overran West Kent.

1000 CE

Edmund II Ironside 1016 King of England

Canute 1017 -35 King of England

Harold I (Harefoot) 1035 - 40 King of England

Canute II 1040 - 42 King of England

Edward the Confessor 1042 - 66 King of England

Harold II (Godwinson) 1066 King of England

William the Conqueror 1066 - 87 King of England

William II (Rufus) 1087 - 1100 King of England


1002 The King Ethelred II the unready and his council agreed to pay a 24,000 pound tribute to the Danish invasion fleet, and to make peace with them. 

1006 Danish raid on Sandwich

1006 AElfheah consecrated 29th Archbishop of Canterbury

1008 The King Ethelred II the unready ordered ships to be built in all England; any man possessing 310 hides to provide one galley or skiff, and any man possessing 8 hides, to find a helmet and a breastplate

1009 Ships ready and transported to Sandwich

1009 Brihtri took 80 ships to seize Wulnoth, a Danish leader, but the wind drove his ships aground and Wulnoth burned them.

1009 The King Ethelred II the unready heard this news and returned home without meeting the enemy.  All the ships were rowed back to London.

1009 Danish leader, Thurkill, invaded Sandwich, marched to Canterbury.  Peace made with the men of East-Kent who gave him 3000 pounds for security. 

1011 Danish army invade Canterbury led by Thorkell the Tall and his brother Hemming plundered and burnt the city and cathedral,

1011 St. AElfheah (Alphege), 29th Archbishop of Canterbury (1005 - 12) was taken hostage by the Danish army of Thorkell the Tall and his brother Hemming and dragged off to their camp at Greenwich where he refused to be ransomed. When he complained over the size of the ransom being demanded, the Danes threw ox-bones and cattle heads at him in a drunken orgy and one of them struck him with the butt of an axe which killed him. He thereby became a martyr, and was indeed Canterbury's most successful martyr until surpassed by Thomas Beckett.

1013 Danish King Sweyne led his fleet to Sandwich, asked for tribute and supplies for his army during winter. Another Danish leader, Thurkill asked for the same for his army that was now at Greenwich

1013 Lifing appointed 30th Archbishop of Canterbury

1014 King Sweyne died. The fleet chose his son, Canute, for King. He landed hostages that were given to his father at Sandwich and cut off their hands, ears and noses.  He also ordered a tribute of 21,000 pounds to be paid to the army at Greenwich

1016 Canute (Cnut c 994 - 1035) of Denmark, succeeded to the English throne, having defeated Ethelred "the unready" and his son Edmund II "Ironside". He imposed Scandinavian rule over England, which was only returned to Anglo Saxon rule with the return to power of Ethelred the unready's son, Edward the Confessor in 1042.

1016 King Ethelred"the unready" died.  

1016 Edmund II Ironside chosen King of EnglandBattle at Pen, near Gillingham, between King and CanuteCanute retreated to Isle of Sheppey

1016 The Kings met at Aylesford  and became allies. They divided the country, Edmund to Wessex, Canute to Mercia.

1016 King Edmund II Ironside died

1017 King Canute took over the whole of government

1019 Elfstan 31st Archbishop of Canterbury died

1020 Ethelnoth, became 32nd Archbishop of Canterbury A minster to be built of stone and lime at Canterbury 

1031 Sandwich given to Christ's Church in Canterbury by King Canute

1038 Eadsige 33rd Archbishop of Canterbury

1040 King Hardacnute came to Sandwich with 60 ships

1043 Wulfric Abbot of St Augustine's

c 1045 King Edward the Confessor readied a fleet at Sandwich in answer to the threat of invasion by Magnus of Norway

 1046 Wulfric Abbot of St Augustine's attends Synod at St Remi's (Rheims)

1046 Godwine II Bishop of Rochester

1049 King Edward supplied naval aid from Sandwich, to the Emperor, assisting in his fight against Baldwin of Bruges

1051 Eadsige 33rd Archbishop of Canterbury died.

c.1051 A riot occurred at Dover, when King Edward the Confessor's brother in law, Count Eustace of Boulogne visited. Godwine, Earl of Wessex, failed to punish the rioters, to Edward's satisfaction, this gave Edward the excuse to exile the overly powerful Godwine and his sons. This was however short lived with Godwine returning and gaining new dominance.

1051 Robert of Jumieges (? - c. 1053) 34th Archbishop of Canterbury (1051 - 2) One of a small number of Normans who came to England with Edward the Confessor in 1041. His elevation as Archbishop of Canterbury from the position as Bishop of London (1044 - 51), fuelled a civil war in 1051 - 2 between Edward and the family of Godwine of Wessex. Robert was also the ambassador who promised the succession to Duke William of Normandy in 1051. When Godwine returned from exile, the Archbishop escaped to France, where he died soon after. Because he did not resign Canterbury before he left, his successor Stigand was perceived by the papacy as a usurper.

1052 Earl Godwin and his son Earl Harold returned to London to see King Edward the ConfessorEarl Godwin cleared of his crimes. Robert of Jumieges (? - c. 1053) 34th Archbishop of Canterbury (1051 - 2) proclaimed an outlaw

1052 Stigand - (? - 1072) 35th Archbishop of Canterbury (1052 - 70) A very wealthy prelate who held Canterbury and Winchester, the two richest dioceses in England, in plurality after 1052. He was apparently accepted by William I but in 1070 was abandoned and replaced by a Papal Legate, since the Pope refused to accept his appointment.

1058 Abbot Siward, becomes Bishop of Rochester

1061 Wulfric Abbot of St Augustine's died succeeded by Ethelsy, a monk

1066 King Edward the Confessor. died

1066 Harold II (Godwinson) King of England

1066 28th September William Duke of Normandy landed at Pevensy, Sussex, with an army to claim the English crown from Harold II.

1066 14th October William Duke of Normandy won the Battle of Hastings, killing Harold II and his brothers Gyrth and Leofwine, leaving no Anglo Saxon opposition to his becoming King William the Conqueror. He was acclaimed King in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066.

1067 - 70 Revolts occurred every year between 1067 - 70 to William the Conqueror's rule.

1067 Christ-Church Canterbury (The Saxon Canterbury Cathedral) was burned to the ground. Article on the rediscovered foundations http://www.archaeology.co.uk/timeline/saxon/canterbury/canter.htm

1070 King William the Conqueror ordered all the monasteries in England to be plundered.

1070 Lanfranc, 36th Archbishop of Canterbury rebuilds Canterbury Cathedral to Norman design.

1070s Odo of Bayeux (1st Earl of Kent) (c. 1036 - 97) Son of Herleva, the mother of William I the Conqueror, but fathered by Herluin of Canteville (whom she married after the death of William's father). When William I returned to Normandy in January 1067, Odo remained to complete the conquest. In the 1070s he became Earl of Kent and after the King the richest man in England. In 1082 for unclear reasons William I had him arrested, perhaps it was rumoured, because he wished to take an army to Rome to have himself elected Pope. Released in 1087, on William's death, he led the rebellion in England against William II on behalf of the Duke of Normandy Robert II Curthose. His forces were defeated at Pevensy (Sussex) and Rochester (Kent) and he escaped to Normandy. In 1096 he accompanied Robert on crusade and died at Palermo. Odo may have commissioned the Bayeux Tapestry for hanging in the rebuilt Bayeux Cathedral, in 1077.

1076 Arnost Bishop of Rochester

1077 Gundulf (? - 1108) A Norman monk of Bec, Prior of St. Stephen's Caen and from 1077, Bishop of Rochester. He was renowned as the greatest architect of his day, working on the castles and cathedrals of Canterbury and Rochester.

1082 King William the Conqueror imprisons Bishop Odo, Earl of Kent

1086 The landowners of Kent are called to a meeting on Penenden Heath, to give details concerning their lands and possessions, for the Domesday Survey.

1086 The Domesday Book reveals there were only four major landholders of English descent left in the whole of England, the rest having been replaced by Norman and French.

1087 Abbot of St Augustine died.

1087 Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester founded Benedictine abbey

1088 Bishop Odo rebels against William II besieged at Rochester castle.  Banished from England. 

1089 Lanfranc, 36th Archbishop of Canterbury died.

1090 Benedictine Abbey of St Mary founded

1093 St. Anselm (1033 - 1109) becomes 37th Archbishop of Canterbury, appointed by William II (Rufus).

1093 Eadmer (c. 1060 - c. 1130) Historian monk, who wrote a history of St. Anselm Archbishop of Canterbury, starting in 1093. When Anselm discovered what he was doing "He ordered me to destroy the quires (notebooks) on which I had put together the whole work. I was utterly confounded. I did not disobey him, but could not face the destruction of a work on which I had spent so much time. So I obeyed him to the letter by destroying those quires having first transcribed their contents on to other quires." He wrote "History of Recent Events in england" & "Life of Anselm".

1097 Anselm 37th Archbishop of Canterbury, disagrees with William II and flees to France.